In the 19th and the early part of the 20th centuries lynching was a not uncommon occurrence in the Southern States of America. Of course lynching is not unique to this part of the world. In every country at one time or another the powerful have extracted summary punishments on the less powerful with or without reason.
But in the Southern states, right up until the civil right movement, lynchings were public spectacles, crowds would gather, postcards were produced as souvenirs, members of the crowd might point out to interested relatives exactly where they stood in relation to the victim. Or as in the picture below, from a 1930s lynching, smile for the camera. By the way, the girls are holding shreds of murdered men's clothes (two were hung in this case) which were highly prized souvenirs.
|From Without Sanctuary Allen, et al.|
Ida B Wells was a firebrand and a blazing star who deserves recognition here, as well as in the USA. She was born in 1862, a slave, just months before the emancipation act in 1863. Her parents believed in education and she was sent to college, leaving only when her parents and baby brother died in order that she could work as a teacher and support her remaining siblings. She later attended evening classes at Fisk University and was the first black woman to write for a white newspaper. She toured the world speaking out against the horrors of lynching after her co workers in a community store she set up were lynched. (The stores' white owned competitor was not happy).
Not only that she refused to give up her seat in a railway carriage and protested in 1893 against the exclusion of blacks from the Chicago World Exposition.
And that's not all - she was one of the first women in public life to actively keep her own name and not take her husbands' after marriage. She had four children, wrote a heap of books and set up the National Association of Colored Women, which became part of the NAACP.
Her later life was concerned mostly with education and writing and she died, aged 68 in 1931, as many of us might want to in mid sentence, writing a book.
|Ida B Wells by Kate Beaton|
If you'd like to learn more
her writing is free here
And there's a rather wonderful biography by Mia Bay : To Tell the Truth Freely
And because there is never enough Kate Beaton ever there's a link to a series of comic strips about Ida B Wells below.
Catherine Johnson's latest book is Sawbones, an 18th century forensic murder mystery.